Choctaw County is the westernmost county in the Coastal Gateway region. Established in 1847, it is named in honor of the Choctaw Indian tribe.
Choctaw County first rose to prominence in the early 1900s with the completion of a north-south railway line through the center of the county. The town of Gilbertown was the site of the first successful oil well within the state of Alabama. It was drilled in 1944.
The 2010 census put Choctaw County's population at 13,859 people. Butler is the county seat, and also the location of both Choctaw County High School and Patrician Academy. Other cities and towns inside Choctaw County's borders include Gilbertown, which is the location of Southern Choctaw High School, as well as Lisman, Needham, Pennington, Silas and Toxey, which is the home of South Choctaw Academy. The county is home to five public libraries.
Like many southern Alabama counties, the textile and timber industries were a major part of economic development in the area for many years. While most textile industries have since moved outside the United States, the timber industry and its affiliated industries continue to be prime economic drivers in Choctaw County.
Butler is home to the Butler-Choctaw County Airport, a general aviation facility equipped with a single, 4,080-foot asphalt runway. The county also features several parks and recreational opportunities, including the Choctaw National Wildlife Refuge, boating and fishing along the Tombigbee River, plentiful hunting and bird-watching opportunities, golf and camping sites.
For detailed demographic statistics on Choctaw County, click HERE.